The production of roots and tubers (yams, taro, sweet potato, cassava, taro, celery) in Puerto Rico has shown a downward trend in recent years. The local production of roots and tubers does not satisfy the demand in Puerto Rico.
In Puerto Rico, watermelon production is mainly concentrated in the south coast. For the year 1996-97, there were a total of 508 acres strewn of watermelon in this area. Watermelon production in this area is characterized the use of mechanization in most of the tasks of crop and high use of inputs. In the supplement to this publication includes a budget model that exemplifies the potential costs and revenues per acre in a commercial planting.
The coffee industry in Puerto Rico is one of the agricultural enterprises of greater economic and social importance. Among the country’s coffee crop is considered the most stable and its cultivation has helped to preserve water resources of mountainous region.
The avocado, Persea americana Mill, is the fourth most important fruit in Puerto Rico, after the mango, pineapple and oranges. From 1989 to 1993 production avocados average was about 14.1 million of fruit.
Sweet pepper had its origin in the New World, like common pepper. Residues of pepper and sweet pepper have been found in human tombs in Peru. After the discovery of America this crop spread to the Old World. The sweet pepper belongs to the family of Solanaceae, where most species are herbaceous distributed in the tropics and to a lesser extent in the temperate zones.